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Indelible Grace Church Blog

A (Modest) Case for Cessationism


The debate between Cessationism (the argument that the extraordinary gifts of the Spirit have ceased: prophecy, tongues, miraculous healings) and Continuationism (the argument that all the gifts of the Spirit continue today) is a minor debate among Christians.   It should not be a source of division, but more of a friendly in-house debate among brothers.  So with that in mind, here are two positive arguments and one negative argument for Cessationism:

(1) In Ephesians 2:20, Paul describes the church as "built on the foundation of the apostles."  The structural metaphor of a foundation means that the ministry of the apostles was a once-and-for-all period in redemptive-history.  To this apostolic ministry, there are "signs and wonders" associated (Acts 1:8, 2 Cor. 12:12).  Therefore, by logical necessity, these signs and wonders have ceased with the ending of the Apostolic Age.   These signs and wonders are prophecy, tongues and miraculous healings.

(2) Revelation is God's Word.  Revelation in the New Testament era is restricted to the Apostolic Age. Thus, the New Testament is a closed book because the Apostolic Age has ceased.   Prophecy is also revelation (Eph. 2:20, 3:5).  So too tongues (1 Cor. 14:21-22).  All revelatory gifts have ceased.

(3) Continuationism proposes that all the gifts of the Spirit continue today, including all the signs and wonders described in Acts.  But inevitably, certain concessions must be made.  The NT writings have ceased; the apostles have ceased; infallible prophets have ceased; tongues as the gift of foreign languages have ceased; people rising from the dead have ceased; the intensity and amazingness of signs and wonders have ceased.   Therefore, Continuationists must concede a kind of partial-Cessationism.  In other words, there are no truly principled Continuationists – only varying degrees of Cessationists.  Which means the Cessationist argument is essentially correct.

(You can read a full paper-length version of this argument here. We also covered this topic in Sunday school, which you can listen to the three-part series here.)

Last Updated on Monday, 12 January 2015 20:18

CG Multiplication

We're entering an exciting stage of our community life at IGC.  Next week we will start four new community groups that will meet around the East Bay.

Since our inception, small groups have been a integral part of our identity as a church.  We started with a single small group that multiplied into two groups a few months after it began.  We're doubling again now.  As our church has grown, both our small groups have swelled in size.


It has been exciting to watch the groups grow but we know that there is a time for them to expand beyond their limited times and locales.  We are multiplying the groups for a few reasons:

More leaders empowered.  IGC has many people who are gifted who have shown faithfulness in various areas and have exhibited an eagerness to serve God through leadership for the community groups.  The leaders and co-leaders will take on planning, administrative, and teaching roles as they head up the groups.  By entrusting the community groups to the leaders, we are empowering them to push the church in ways the pastoral staff can't on its own.

More opportunities to serve.  One of the best ways to grow is to serve.  With fewer people in the groups (each will now have 8-12 members), there are more opportunities to serve by praying, leading studies, leading singing, ministering to other members of the groups, etc.

More intimacy.  Larger groups can be intimidating and may be difficult for someone to share in such a setting.  With smaller groups it is easier to create an environment where members can be honest and vulnerable with each other.  We want the community groups to be more than social gatherings.  We want them to be places where hurts, fears, doubts, confessions and anxieties can be shared.  It is our hope that our groups will become places where deep, safe, intimate relationships can formed.

More options.  With meeting places in San Leandro, Hayward, Castro Valley and San Ramon, the community groups are now more accessible.  The larger number of groups also means a higher likelihood that someone considering joining a group can find one that he or she feels comfortable with.


This is a huge step for IGC as we continue to make the gospel known around the Bay Area.  Please pray with us as we ask God to give life to these groups.  If you would like to be a part of a community group, contact Pastor Wade so he can connect you with a group leader.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 05 March 2013 13:02

Cooking Fellowship


On Saturday morning (January 19), the ladies of IGC got together at Judy’s home for our women’s fellowship – and this is what I left thinking:

(1) What an amazing and fun time of “communal” cooking AND

(2) What a special time of truly connecting and sharing our hearts with one another

It was a beautiful picture of genuine, loving, gospel-centered community: breaking bread together AND intimate conversations sharing our praises and our prayer needs.   Definitely two of my favorite things.

For the first hour or so, over fifteen of us got together to meet & greet, some of us meeting new visitors, others reconnecting with long-time friends.  We then transitioned into three smaller groups where we read a devotional and shared about how God has been working in our lives as well as the areas we are looking forward to growing in as this new year unfolds.  We prayed, cried, laughed, shared honestly and deeply, know – all the things women love to do.  What a blessing it was to commune and connect with these ladies, new friends and old.

For the rest of the afternoon, the women prepared wontons and spam musubi, and cooked together, under the culinary leadership of Chef Lauren.  Okay, she’s not really a professional chef, but let’s just say we call her 'all kinds of amazing' in the kitchen.  Lauren taught some of the ladies how to make wonton soup while others of us learned to make spam musubi (YUM!  My personal favorite.)  Kari also surprised us by baking delicious brie on a baguette, to our stomach's delight!  In the end, the food turned out so amazing and I overheard someone say it was the best wonton soup she's had in her life!  Needless to say, we ate most of it, while saving one or two leftovers to bring to the brothers.  :)  What a wonderful time of fellowship and community.  I can't wait for the next one!

Written by Christine Chiu.

(We hope you can join us for our next fellowship event, The Color Run in San Francisco, on March 2. Talk with Marianne Siu if you are interested.)

Last Updated on Thursday, 24 January 2013 14:47

Mercy for Marshall Elementary


In the prophet Jeremiah’s letter to the exiles in Babylon, God instructs his people, “seek the welfare of the city where I have sent you into exile, and pray to the LORD on its behalf, for in its welfare you will find your welfare.” (Jeremiah 29:7)  The word translated “welfare” (in other translations, “peace”) is the Hebrew word shalom.  Shalom is one of those words every culture has that is difficult to translate into English.  It means peace, but more than peace as the absence of conflict, it means wholeness, wellbeing, prosperity, happiness.  It’s a comprehensive word that describes the way the world used to be before sin marred it – when man lived in harmony with God, with each other and with nature.   It’s the way the world should be and one day will be.

What’s fascinating is that God instructs his people to seek the shalom of a pagan city, Babylon.  A city responsible for the destruction of Jerusalem, for unspeakable tragedy and brutality of conquest – this most godless of all cities, God instructs his people to strive with all their might to establish shalom.  Here and now.  This directive has wide-ranging implications for the church today.  We as the church are to seek the shalom of the cities we live in.   We are not just passing by, exploiting its resources, removed from the affairs of the community.  We are for the city.  We seek to be good neighbors and work towards the wholeness and blossoming of our communities.  And in this, we anticipate the fullness of the New Creation to come, when the world will be made anew and everything broken made whole.

And so, this past Saturday, about 20 IGC members volunteered at Marshall Elementary School, gardening and generally sprucing up the school grounds, and working for the shalom of Castro Valley.  (See picture above.)  This will be a seasonal project for our Mercy Ministry, among other endeavors.

Last Updated on Wednesday, 12 December 2012 17:34

Church and State: A Biblical Theology


On this election day, the question naturally arises about the relationship between Christianity and politics.  It is without doubt a very complex issue, but it is helpful to think of the grand sweep of redemptive history and understand where we fit in that story.

Where do we as New Testament believers fit in?   Much of the discussion about America being a “Christian nation” assumes that Old Testament Israel serves as an example for us today.  However this fundamentally misunderstands the role of Israel in redemptive history.  The story of Israel looks back to Eden and looks forward to New Creation.  First, Israel looks back to the garden.  Israel is a kind of corporate Adam, ushered back into the garden (a land flowing with milk and honey), tasked to obey God and expel Satan (the Canaanites as his proxies), re-dramatizing the story of Adam.  The point of the story is so that Israel would re-experience the failure of Adam and so realize the necessity of a savior (“the law was a tutor to bring us to Christ,” Galatians 3:24).  Second, Israel looks forward to the Kingdom of God at the end of history.  All along, the kings of Israel were only a foreshadowing of the true Davidic king who will make “his enemies his footstool” (Psalm 110 is entirely future-oriented).   And so to see Israel as a perpetual model for contemporary politics is to miss the point entirely. Israel as a geo-political state was always an object lesson in the gospel, not a permanent reality.

How then shall we live?  The Apostle Peter addresses this very issue in 1 Peter 2:11-12, where he urges Christians to keep their conduct among Gentiles honorable, remembering they are “sojourners and exiles.”  These two terms have profound significance in redemptive history.  First, he is evoking the experience of the sojourner, Abraham, who lived among the Canaanites in peace and entered into covenants with them.  And second, he is evoking the experience of Israel in exile in Babylon, where the prophet Jeremiah instructs the Jews to “seek the shalom of the city.” (Jeremiah 29:7)  In both these cases, the people of God lived as dual citizens of two overlapping cities: the city of man (the realm of politics, economics, war) and the city of God (the church).  The city of man does not acknowledge God, yet nevertheless, it has its own legitimacy and God instructs his people not to overthrow it, but to participate in it and seek its prosperity.   But ultimately, the city of man is passing away, and the city of God will last forever.  Therein lies our ultimate allegiance.  One day, the city of God will be geo-political – and will indeed fill the whole earth.  But not now.  That is to mistake our place in redemptive history.

In the meantime, we are called to be good citizens of the city of man, to work and bless our neighbors, all the while knowing that our ultimate hope is not there.  We must live in the tension of dual citizenship and not seek to merge the two cities (i.e., to make America a “Christian nation”).  We are like Daniel, who at the same time was prime minister of the Babylonian Empire and yet was thrown into the lion’s den for his unwavering faith in the God of the Bible.   It is not an easy call, but it is the commission of King Jesus, who defined our dual citizenship as, “rendering to Caesar what is Caesar’s, but to God what is God’s.” (Mark 12:17)

If you would like to read more about this paradigm of dual citizenship, Michael Horton has written an excellent article on this.  You can also hear a much fuller explanation in our Sunday school lesson, "Christ as King II."

Last Updated on Friday, 21 February 2014 12:46

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